What is an NGO? – All about NGO

NGO – Have you ever wondered what those three letters, ‘NGO,’ stand for? Well, they represent Non-Governmental Organizations. These are special groups that get involved in all sorts of important social activities. What makes them unique is that they don’t work under any government; they operate independently.


That’s why people often call them a part of the civil society. If you’re curious about NGOs and what they do, today’s discussion is just for you. We’ll delve into the world of NGOs, understand what they are, and explore their key characteristics. So, let’s jump right into it and uncover all the intriguing details about NGOs!

What is an NGO?

Have you ever wondered what people mean when they talk about NGOs? Well, let’s clear that up right away. NGO stands for Non-Governmental Organization.

But what does that really mean? An NGO is a special type of organization that the government doesn’t run. Instead, it’s a private, non-profit group that gets actively involved in all sorts of social activities.

People often call them a part of civil society because they’re so busy doing good things for society. And here’s the interesting part: even though they’re private and not making profits, NGOs can have really big budgets, sometimes even in crores of rupees!

But where does all that money come from? Stick around, and we’ll walk you through it step by step.

How do NGOs Raise Money?

Earlier, we learned what NGOs are and what they do. But now, you might be curious about something else: How do these organizations manage to get the money they need to help society?

Well, we’re here to unravel that mystery for you. NGOs have several ways to collect money, and we’re going to explore them step by step.

  1. Grants: People who want to do good things in society often provide grants to NGOs. It’s like a gift to help them with their important work.
  2. Donations: Since NGOs work to make the world a better place, many people and organizations donate money to support their causes.
  3. Membership Fees: When you become a member of an NGO, you usually pay a fee. This money goes toward the organization’s activities.
  4. Private Donations: Some generous individuals personally donate money to NGOs because they believe in their missions.
  5. Selling Goods and Services: Many NGOs sell different products or services, and the money they make from these sales helps fund their work.

So, these are some of the ways NGOs collect money to carry out their important missions. But there’s more to it, including government grants and other sources. Stay with us to learn more about how NGOs make a difference!

The Main Part of the NGO

Now that we’ve got a good grasp of what an NGO is, let’s dig a bit deeper. Do you know how many types of NGOs there are and what they do? Well, don’t worry if you’re not sure; we’re here to clear that up.

NGOs are mainly split into two categories, and we’ll explore each of them:

  1. Operational NGOs: These are like helping hands on the ground. You’ll find many NGOs where dedicated people volunteer their time and efforts to make a positive impact in their communities.
  2. Advocacy NGOs: On the flip side, there are NGOs that have paid employees. These folks work to bring about change through advocacy and policy work.

To make things even clearer, the World Bank has divided NGOs into these two main categories. Stick around to learn more about what each type does and how they make a difference in the world.

Operational NGO

Every organization or NGO has its own way of doing things. Some of them come up with plans to make society better and then work really hard to turn those plans into reality.

These special kinds of NGOs are known as ‘operational NGOs.’ They keep on working until they’ve made their projects come to life and benefit the community.

Advocacy NGO

NGOs have many reasons for existing, and one big reason is to make sure people’s rights are protected and their health gets better.

But you know what’s interesting? Some NGOs don’t focus on just one cause. They support all kinds of important things and speak up when needed.

These special NGOs, the ones that work for the well-being of humanity and raise their voices for different causes, are called ‘Advocacy NGOs.’

Characteristics of NGO

We’ve already talked about what NGOs are and how they collect money. Now, it’s time to dive into another important aspect of NGOs: their characteristics.

Let’s get a clear picture of what makes an NGO special by exploring its key traits.

Voluntary Association

Today, there are many NGOs out there doing important work. But did you know that they all began with a group of people who chose to come together?

The folks who are part of these NGOs are special because they want to do good things for society. They do this willingly and without being forced.

To make their missions successful, organizations like the ‘NGO Svechcha Sevak Samiti’ take on important roles and responsibilities.


Right from the start, we’ve known that NGOs are not controlled by the government. In other words, the government doesn’t tell them what to do.

Because of this, each NGO is free to do things its own way. When NGOs can work on their own without outside control, we call them ‘autonomous bodies.’

Servant Purpose

NGOs are created with a special mission – to help society in many different ways. They do things like providing education to little kids, protecting the environment, and even stopping the harm done to animals.

And that’s not all! NGOs also work to improve the lives of women in our society. These are the important service objectives that NGOs are all about.

Own Funds

Just about every NGO has its own way of getting the money it needs. Donations are a big part of it – people who believe in the NGO’s mission give money to support their work.

And guess what? There are also organizations, both non-government and government, that give direct donations to these NGOs.

Non-criminal Organization

In our society, many things happen – some of them are not so good, like criminal activities, while others are innocent and positive.

When it comes to NGOs, you can be sure they’re on the side of good. They don’t get involved in any criminal stuff. In fact, they work to make sure crimes don’t happen and aim to make the world a better place.

Non-profitable in Operation

While many organizations focus on making money, NGOs are quite different. They don’t care much about making money for themselves.

In fact, they do work where there’s no chance to make any profit. Instead, they use the money they collect for things like helping society, improving education, and protecting the environment.

That’s why we call these NGOs ‘non-profit organizations.’ They’re all about doing good, not making money.

What is the Work of NGO?

We’ve already talked about what NGOs are and how they operate. But now, it’s time to dive deeper and learn about the important work that NGOs do for our society. Let’s take a step-by-step look at the different tasks and roles of NGOs to get a complete picture of their work.

Providing Social Security

NGOs do lots of important things, and one of those things is making sure everyone in society is safe and secure.

Whenever there are problems in society, NGOs step in to find solutions. They also work hard to help people who are going through tough times, like those living in poverty. Providing security to these people is a big part of what NGOs do.

Empowerment of Women

NGOs play a big role in recognizing the importance of women in our society and helping them.

Empowerment of Women

In some families, women face difficulties and even mistreatment. Unfair practices like dowry can still happen. But NGOs are working to change that. They want to make sure women are treated fairly and not mistreated.

Progressive development

It’s pretty amazing to learn that many NGOs are working hard to make our world better.

They want to make sure we don’t use up all our resources too quickly. Plus, they’re focused on preventing human-made damage to the environment that could lead to natural disasters.

NGOs really care about these things, and they’re taking action to stop these problems from happening.

Education of children

We all understand that kids today will be the leaders of tomorrow. But if we don’t give them the right support and education, their future might not be so bright.

That’s where NGOs come in. They work to make sure children get the education they need, without any cost. They provide things like books, notebooks, and pens for free, so all kids have the chance to learn and grow.

Development of Youth Society

There are lots of NGOs out there that focus on helping young people in our society.

They do things like finding jobs for them and helping them discover and develop their skills. They also provide different kinds of education to make sure young people are ready for employment.

Protecting animals

When some folks spot an animal in the forest, they might think about hunting it. But there’s a group of people in NGOs who won’t let that happen. They’re always on a mission to protect animals.

Not only that, they work really hard to stop any kind of harm or cruelty to wild animals. These heroes are all about keeping our furry and feathered friends safe.

Empowering the Disabled

NGOs in Bangladesh do all sorts of important things. One of the things they really care about is helping people with disabilities.

In our society, people with disabilities can sometimes face social stigma. But NGOs are working hard to make sure that disabled individuals get the support and opportunities they deserve to lead better lives.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does NGO stand for?

NGO stands for Non-Governmental Organization. These organizations are independent and not operated by the government.

How do NGOs raise money for their activities?

NGOs raise money through various means, including grants, donations, membership fees, private donations, and selling goods or services.

What are the two main categories of NGOs?

NGOs are primarily categorized into Operational NGOs, which involve volunteers working on the ground, and Advocacy NGOs, which employ staff to work on policy and advocacy.

What are the characteristics of NGOs?

NGOs are characterized by their voluntary associations, autonomy, servant purpose, reliance on donations, commitment to non-criminal activities, and their status as non-profit organizations.

What is the main work of NGOs?

NGOs have a diverse range of tasks, including providing social security, empowering women, contributing to progressive development, promoting education for children, supporting the development of youth in society, protecting animals, and empowering individuals with disabilities.How do NGOs make a positive impact on society?

How do NGOs make a positive impact on society?

NGOs work to address various social issues, promote human rights, environmental protection, education, and overall societal welfare through their diverse activities.

Are NGOs profit-oriented organizations?

No, NGOs are non-profit organizations. They do not focus on making money for themselves but rather aim to improve society and make a positive impact.

Where do NGOs get their funding from?

NGOs receive funding from a variety of sources, including grants, donations from individuals and organizations, government grants, membership fees, and the sale of goods or services.

Can anyone join an NGO?

Yes, many NGOs allow individuals to become members by paying a fee. This membership fee often goes toward supporting the organization’s activities.

Do NGOs have a specific mission or focus?

Yes, NGOs often have specific missions that vary widely, such as providing education, protecting the environment, promoting human rights, and addressing various societal issues.

Our Last Words about NGOs

Dear Reader, today we’ve explored what NGOs are and how they raise money. We’ve also delved into the important work they do.

I hope this discussion has given you a clear understanding of NGOs and their mission. If you’re interested in learning more about banks, NGOs, or other topics in simple language, make sure to visit our website regularly.

Thank you for taking the time to read this article. Your interest means a lot!

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